How to Start a Garden: Steps for Gardening Beginners

Untended garden with gate open

Choose Your Garden’s Location:

The location of your garden is important because it will affect how much sunlight and water your plants receive. Consider factors such as the amount of sun, shade, and wind that the area gets, as well as the type of soil.

Your garden will also need to be accessible, so select a spot that is not too far from your house or other sources of water.

Select the Right Plants:

Different plants need different amounts of sunlight, water, and soil conditions to thrive. Research what types of plants are best suited for the area you have chosen so that you can select ones that will do well in your garden.

The right plants are also important for creating a productive and attractive garden, so select plants that you like and that will yield the desired results.

Prepare the Soil:

Before planting anything in your garden, it’s important to make sure that your soil is ready. You may need to loosen up compacted soil or add organic matter to improve drainage. The soil will also need to be tested for pH, so you can make any adjustments necessary.

Plant Your Garden:

Once the soil is ready, you can start planting your garden! Make sure that you follow directions on how deep and far apart seeds should be planted and give them enough space to grow. For young plants, water them regularly until they are established and able to take care of themselves.

Protect Your Plants:

Your plants will need extra protection from things like pests, animals, and extreme weather conditions. You might want to use fencing or netting around your garden to keep out unwanted visitors and stakes or cages around tall plants that may get knocked over in the wind.

Water Regularly:

It takes a lot of water for plants to grow, so make sure you water your garden regularly. Watering in the morning is usually best as it gives the plants time to absorb the moisture before the heat of the day.

You should also make sure to water the roots of your plants and not just the leaves. This will help the plants take in more water and nutrients.

Fertilize Your Plants:

Fertilizers can help give your plants a boost of energy and promote healthy growth. There are many types of fertilizers available, so it’s important to do some research and select one that is best suited for your particular plants.

Get a fertilizer that has the right nutrients and is labelled for the type of plants you have in your garden.

Monitor Pests:

Pests can do a lot of damage to your plants, so it’s important to monitor them closely. Check your plants regularly for signs of pests and take steps to get rid of them if necessary. This may include using traps, insecticides, or other methods.

Harvest Your Plants:

When your plants are ready, it’s time to harvest! The best way to know when something is ready to be harvested is by looking at its colour and size, as well as researching when particular vegetables typically reach maturity. Be sure not to over-harvest or pick your fruits too early.

Enjoy the Fruits of Your Labor:

After all the hard work you’ve put into your garden, it’s time to reap the rewards! You can enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables right from your own backyard as well as the satisfaction of having grown them yourself. With these tips, you should be able to create a successful and enjoyable gardening experience.

Maintain Your Garden:

As your garden grows, it’s important to keep up with maintenance. This may include pruning, weeding, and deadheading, along with regular watering and fertilizing. Taking good care of your garden will help ensure that you get beautiful results for years to come.

Do your research:

Do your research before you start your garden. This includes researching what plants are best suited for your climate and soil type, as well as looking into the best methods for planting and caring for them. By doing your due diligence upfront, you can set yourself up for success in the long run.


Gardening can be a rewarding and enjoyable activity. With proper planning and maintenance, you can create a productive and beautiful garden that will give you years of enjoyment. Don’t forget to take advantage of the bounty your garden has to offer! Happy gardening!